New Publications from the Perry Center Faculty

January 28, 2016

Perry Center faculty have published two reports as part of its Occasional Paper series. In his most recent report, Professor Pat Paterson examines the peace accords between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, People’s Army (FARC-EP). In September, after nearly three years of talks, the two groups announced that they had reached an agreement on land reform, the political participation of the FARC, victim accountability, and the cessation of drug trafficking, among other issues. March 23, 2016 is set for a date to sign the final peace accord.

As part of their conflict resolution efforts, the government and FARC representatives agreed to conduct a lengthy investigation of the 50-year conflict to determine responsibilities for murders, massacres, and other atrocities. The Colombian Center for Historical Memory estimates that 220,000 Colombians have died in the conflict, over 80% of them non-combatants. A truth commission would be established to investigate the numerous atrocities, massacres, forced disappearances, and other crimes. Human rights trials would be held for the gravest crimes. An amnesty program would pardon minor crimes committed during the conflict and alleviate pressure on the justice system, permitting it to focus on what promises to be a monumental investigative task.

In his new report, Professor Paterson examines these delicate transitional justice issues and uses other Latin American conflict resolution efforts as part of a comparative analysis of the issues facing Colombia.

Professor Celina Realuyo’s latest Occasional Paper is a Spanish translation of her June 2015 Occasional Paper entitled "The Future Evolution of Transnational Criminal Organizations and the Threat to US National Security." In her report, Professor Realuyo examines how transnational criminal organizations (TCO) have penetrated new markets with goods and services and established more spheres of influence using corruption and violence. She notes how criminals utilize the cyber domain as a new operating environment to further expand their criminal activities. According to Professor Realuyo, some TCOs resemble multinational corporations focused on maximizing profits, while others hijack political power in the form of criminalized states. Another dangerous and disturbing evolution is the convergence of terrorism and crime where groups use criminal proceeds to fund terrorist activities.